systematic exploitation of physical read/write to map unsigned code into the kernel.
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README.md

Credits

Before I begin, those who helped me create this project shall be credited.

  • Can1357, for helping me find the correct page in physical memory.
  • Ch40zz, for helping me fix many issues in things I could never have fixed.
  • wlan, I used your drv_image class :)

Physmeme

Given ANY map/unmap (read/write) of physical memory, one can now systematically map unsigned code into ones kernel. Many drivers expose this primitive and now can all be exploited by simply coding a few functions.

What drivers support physical read/write?

Any driver exposing MmMapIoSpace/MmUnmapIoSpace or ZwMapViewOfSection/ZwUnmapViewOfSection can be exploited. This means bios flashing utils, fan speed utils (like MSI Afterburner), or general windows system utilities that expose physical read/write.

If you are in any sort of doubt about the abundance of these drivers simply go to this page and ctrl-f "MmMapIoSpace". (24 results)

How does this exploit work?

Since we are able to read/write to any physical memory on the system the goal is to find the physical page of a syscall. This can be done by calculating the offset into the page in which the syscall resides. Doing so is trivial and only requires the modulo operation.

auto syscall_page_offet = rva % 0x1000;

Now that we know that the syscalls bytes are going to be that far into the physical page we can map each physical page into our process 512 at a time (2mb) and then check the page + page_offset and compare with the syscalls bytes. After we have the syscalls page we can install inline hooks and then call into the function.

How long does it take to find the physical page?

Less then one second. For each physical memory range I create a thread that maps 2mb at a time of physical memory and scans each physical page. This is on a system with 16gb.

In other words... its very fast, you wont need to worry about waiting to find the correct page.

DriverEntry

you can change the paremeters you pass to driver entry simply by changing this:

using DRIVER_INITIALIZE = NTSTATUS(__stdcall*)(std::uintptr_t, std::size_t);

right now your entry point should look like this:

NTSTATUS DriverEntry(PVOID lpBaseAddress, DWORD32 dwSize)

The source the hello-world.sys is the following:

#include <ntifs.h>

NTSTATUS DriverEntry(PVOID lpBaseAddress, DWORD32 dwSize)
{
	DbgPrint("> Base Address: 0x%p, Size: 0x%x", lpBaseAddress, dwSize);
	return STATUS_SUCCESS;
}